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Botany majors study plants – all plants, from microscopic bacteria to giant sequoia trees.

If you are interested in plant breeding or agriculture, then a Plant Science major would be a good choice.

Representative Job Titles and Area of Specialization
  • Agricultural Communications Specialist
  • Farm Journalist*
  • Horticulture Therapist
  • Agricultural Inspector *
  • Agricultural Product Salesperson *
  • Agronomist
  • Arboretum Director
  • Arborist/Tree Surgeon
  • Botanic Garden Director/Manager/Curator
  • Botanist
  • College Professor
  • Conservationist *
  • Cooperative Extension Agent
  • Environmental Educator *
  • Farm Manager *
  • Floriculturist
  • Florist *
  • Forester *
  • Garden Center Manager *
  • Geneticist
  • Herbarium Director
  • Horticulturist
  • Landscape Architect/Contractor
  • Naturalist *
  • Nematologist
  • Nursery Broker *
  • Nursery Manager *
  • Ornamentalist
  • Park Ranger *
  • Phycologist
  • Plant Breeder
  • Plant Pathologist
  • Plant Scientist
  • Research Technician/Assistant *
  • Science Librarian
  • Seed Producer *
  • Seed Technologist *
  • Taxonomist
  • Technical Writer/Editor *
  • Turf Management Specialist *

* See Training section

Nature of the Work

Typically, botanists and plant scientists conduct research, act as managers and administrators, and teach. They might also serve as consultants or inspectors, prepare technical publications or work in sales and service jobs for agricultural, seed and chemical companies.

Some become landscape contractors, floral brokers, nursery managers, florists and independent agricultural consultants.

Places of Employment
  • Colleges and universities
  • Agricultural experiment stations
  • Non-profit research organizations & foundations
  • Corporations produce:
    • agricultural products
    • forest products
  • Fruit and vegetable growers
  • Botanical gardens
  • Federal, state and local parks
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture
  • Agricultural research centers
  • Medical plant research laboratories
  • Germplasm research laboratories
  • Plant Quarantine Service
  • Regional laboratories
  • U.S. Forest Service
  • Forest products laboratories
  • U.S. Department of the Interior
  • U.S. Geological Survey
  • Arboretums
  • Offices of county agricultural commissioners
  • Seed producers
  • Fermentation industry (including breweries)
  • Agricultural consulting firms
  • Retail and wholesale nurseries
  • Florists, floral brokerages


Check out the jobs with asterisks. They may be obtained with a bachelor's degree depending on the type of coursework you completed and experience you gained as an undergrad.

A Ph.D. is required for most teaching and research positions in colleges and universities, as well as for many positions in government and industry.

For further information and/or career counseling contact the UCR Career Center, (951) 827-3631.

Supplemental Material

The following documents may provide further ideas for exploration.


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