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Geographers are concerned with interpreting the occurrence, distribution, and interrelationships of physical and cultural patterns. They may explore the connections between deaths from heart disease and a particular geographic region. Or, they may search for resources needed to feed the world's mushrooming population.

As a geographer, you have an arsenal of technical research tools at your fingertips including: satellites; computers; advanced mathematical, statistical and mapping techniques; census figures, and cultural and historical data.

Representative Job Titles and Area of Specialization
  • Agricultural Geographer
  • Aerial Photograph Interpreter
  • Cartographer
  • Cartographic Illustrator
  • Climatologist
  • Community Development Specialist
  • Demographer
  • Economic Development Planner
  • Geographic Analyst
  • Geographic Engineer
  • Geographer
  • Industrial Development Specialist
  • Industrial Developer
  • Intelligence Analyst
  • International Economist
  • Land Economist
  • Land Use Planner
  • Map Analyst
  • Map Curator
  • Map Editor
  • Map Librarian
  • Marketing Analyst
  • Meteorologist
  • Naturalist
  • Park Ranger
  • Political Analyst
  • Range Manager
  • Regional Planner
  • Regional Planner
  • Research Analyst
  • Research Geographer
  • Recreational Resource Planner
  • Resource Economist
  • Site Researcher
  • Soil Geographer
  • Teacher
  • Tour Director
  • Travel Agent
  • Transportation Planner
  • Trade Analyst
  • Urban Planner

Nature of the Work

Geographers typically work within four main fields: Business: Geographers help companies find favorable sites for their locations, analyze international markets, meet environmental standards, and develop corporate planning strategies.

Planning: Urban or regional planners help local officials make decisions on social, economic, and environmental problems.

Government: Geographers are involved in basic cartography, policy making, disaster preparedness projects, energy development among other tasks

Education: About 40 percent of all geographers teach from the elementary to the university level.

Places of Employment
  • Aircraft Companies
  • Airlines
  • Architectural Firms
  • Banks
  • Construction Companies
  • Consulting Firms
  • IT/Engineering Firms
  • Graphic Design Firms
  • Local/State/Federal Government Agencies
  • Planning Firms
  • Publishers
  • Research Laboratories
  • Schools/Universities


Many positions in Geography may be obtained with a bachelor's degree depending on the type of coursework you completed and experience you gained as an undergrad.

You should explore your options early and complete electives and internships that will help you get that first job.

You will need graduate training to become a professional geographer. If you are planning to teach and do research at a university, then you should pursue a Ph.D.

For further information and/or career counseling contact the UCR Career Center, (951) 827-3631.

Supplemental Material

The following documents may provide further ideas for exploration.


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