Soil scientists attempt to determine the origin, distribution, composition, and classification
of soil so that it can be put to the most productive use.
They study the effects of soil loss and depletion, the extent of toxic waste disposal
problems, and soil's role in growing more nourishing foods.
Representative Job Titles and Areas of Specialization
|Agricultural Product Salesperson
||Soil Conservation Technician
|Cooperative Extension Agent
||Soil Fertility Expert
|Hazardous Waste Specialist
||Staff Research Associate
Nature of the Work
Soil scientists may conduct experiments on farms or at experiment stations to determine
how specific soil types respond to tillage, fertilization, crop rotation, water, gas
or heat flow, and industrial waste control.
They conduct research at universities or for private industry and government agencies
as farm advisors or cooperative extension agents.
Soil conservationists are concerned with soil erosion control, moisture conservation,
and sound land use. They conduct surveys and investigate measures needed to maintain
or restore proper soil management.
Places of Employment
|Agricultural experiment stations
|Agricultural product manufactures
||Real estate firms and land appraisal boards
|Bureau of Mines
||Soil Conservative Service
||State department of agriculture
||State roads department
|Federal roads department
||U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization
|Farm management agencies
||U.S. Department of Agriculture
||U.S. Forest Service
||Universities and colleges
A bachelor's degree qualifies you for many of the careers listed above depending on
the types of courses you completed and experience you gained as an undergrad including
lab work, internships and part-time or summer jobs.
A master's degree qualifies you for more advanced positions in soil analysis, farm
advising, and research positions. However, if you want to administer research programs
for a federal agency or in private industry or teach and conduct research at a university,
you will need a Ph.D.
For further information and/or career counseling contact the UCR Career Center, (951)
The following documents may provide further ideas for exploration.